Dense and Strange Hadronic Matter group


Our Solidarity with the Protests in Iran

We decided within our research group to show support to the people, especially women, in Iran and to our Iranian colleagues here at TUM by producing and wearing in our everyday life a pin with the face of Mahsa on it.

We currently wear it on our backpacks, jackets and clothes so that everyday we can help as human beings and scientists, even with a small gesture, spreading awareness on the life conditions in Iran under the dictatorship of the Islamic Republic.

Unveiling the strong interaction among hadrons at the LHC

Nature volume 588, pages 232–238 (2020)

One of the key challenges for nuclear physics today is to understand from first principles the effective interaction between hadrons with different quark content. First successes have been achieved using techniques that solve the dynamics of quarks and gluons on discrete space-time lattices. Experimentally, the dynamics of the strong interaction have been studied by scattering hadrons off each other. Such scattering experiments are difficult or impossible for unstable hadrons and so high-quality measurements exist only for hadrons containing up and down quarks. Here we demonstrate that measuring correlations in the momentum space between hadron pairs produced in ultrarelativistic proton–proton collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) provides a precise method with which to obtain the missing information on the interaction dynamics between any pair of unstable hadrons. Specifically, we discuss the case of the interaction of baryons containing strange quarks (hyperons). We demonstrate how, using precision measurements of proton–omega baryon correlations, the effect of the strong interaction for this hadron–hadron pair can be studied with precision similar to, and compared with, predictions from lattice calculations. The large number of hyperons identified in proton–proton collisions at the LHC, together with accurate modelling of the small (approximately one femtometre) inter-particle distance and exact predictions for the correlation functions, enables a detailed determination of the short-range part of the nucleon-hyperon interaction.